17th week of pregnancy

17th week of pregnancy

 

On16week of pregnancythe future mom may show pigmentation on the skin, there are signs of varicose veins. What will17 week of pregnancy, we will tell in our material.

 

During the week of pregnancy 17th week

A little more - and ahead of the equator of pregnancy, which means that half of the journey has already been covered, the future mother realized her new role, accepted the peculiarity of her position, and more often she thinks about her baby. Most often, in the 17th week of pregnancy, a woman feels well, and during this period a unique event can occur - the expectant mother will feelfirst movesyour baby.

Toxicosisat this period, most often already completely retreated, and in this connection the appetite improved. On the one hand, this is good, because the required amount will be supplied to the organism of the future mother.of vitaminsandtrace elementsand on the other hand pay attention to how pregnantgaining weight.

Due to the fact that in the second trimester of pregnancy a pregnant woman may experienceswelling, you should monitor your diet, do not eat salty foods, as it can retain water in the body, as well as monitor the amount of water you drink.

Future momdecreased breast sensitivityIn the nipple area may appearMontgomery nodulesthat will disappear after the end of breastfeeding baby.

Also on the 17th week of pregnancy may increasework sweat glandsandendocrine glandsin connection with which they canworsen vaginal discharge. These problems are due to hormonal changes and do not require medical intervention.

 

What happens to the seventeenth week of pregnancy

17 week of pregnancy:completed the formation of the placenta, it is penetrated by a dense network of blood vessels. Nutrients and oxygen are delivered to the baby’s vessels, and processed foods are removed. Now the weight of the placenta is about 480 grams, and the thickness is 2.5 cm.

Uteruscontinues to grow, pushing the internal organs, and has almost reached the level of the liver. The bottom of the uterus took a spherical shape, and she stretched out. At this time, the uterus is 3-5 cm lower than the navel.

Due to the increased blood flowincreased load on the heart, now it works very actively and pumps 40% more. In this regard, the future mother may have problems with blood vessels and capillaries, bleeding gums are possible, bleeding from the nose, signs of varicose veins can occur.

 

Future baby

On17 week of pregnancythe baby continues to grow: its height is about 13 cm and its weight is about 120 g, its body is covered with thin skin, and the percentage of fat is 0.5% of the total body weight. Soon the baby will begin to formsubcutaneous fat- a special type of fabric for the implementationheat exchange in the body, and for childbirth, the amount of subcutaneous fat will be about 60-70%.

But the baby needs to maintain the necessary body temperature in the womb, for this a special fluff appears on its skin -lanugo. This hair down delays the waxy substance, which releases the children's body, forming a dense lubricant. In addition to maintaining body temperature, this lubricant will help the child to pass as easily as possible through the birth canal.

Baby handles fullybendin the elbow joints, and the fingers, most of the time, are clenched into cams and only occasionally straighten. By the 17th week of pregnancy alreadyfully formed organ of hearingnow the baby hears well.The sounds surround him: the child hears the heartbeat of the mother, the sounds of the bowels, the sound of her breathing, the rumble of blood flow in the vessels, can hear various sounds from the outside, including my mother's voice.

Milk teeththe child is covered with dentin during this period, and permanent teeth are laid under them. Also by the 17th week of pregnancythe formation of the cardiac conduction system is completed. Now it can work autonomously, that is, independently of the signals from the brain.

The baby is activelythe swallowing reflex develops, he drinks about 400 ml per day. amniotic fluid. Part of it is absorbed by the body, and the excess comes out in the form of urine. The immune system of the baby is becoming more mature, itsthe body begins to synthesize immunoglobulin and interferonthat protect the baby from various infections, including from my mother's.

The movements of the child become energetic, but since the crumb is still small enough and the strength of its activity is softened by the amniotic fluid, the future mother is still enjoying, feeling not the jolts, but light strokes. The baby can change the nature of his movements by responding to loud sounds, eating,uncomfortable position or nervous feelings of a pregnant woman.

17 week of pregnancy

How does a mother's life change at 17 weeks of pregnancy

With the growth of the abdomen of a pregnant woman has increasinglysleeppredominantlyon the side, and if everyone understands the reason why you should not sleep on your stomach, then lying on your back is also not recommended.

The cause is an enlarged uterus that presses on the vena cava anddisrupts blood circulation. Over time, this pressure will be all the more meaningful, lying on the back of the expectant mother can bebreathe heavily, also in this position problems with the supply of oxygen can begin in the baby.

By this time of pregnancy, the woman gained about 3-6 kg., Her stomach became larger,shifted the center of gravity. Also increased the load on the legs, because of what they canswellandto hurt. If the future mother has such symptoms, she should spend less time on her feet, rest more, make cool foot baths, stop taking hot baths, limited to a comfortable temperature shower.

17 week of pregnancy -sexlet's say, especially if the future mother does not have any contraindications and health problems.If a pregnant woman feels a surge of desire, do not limit yourself, the only thing you should pay attention to is choosing the right posture, so as to avoid pressure on the stomach.

 

Mom's food

Expectant mothers in the 17th week of pregnancy are still worth it.take care of your body, it is best to do this, fixing all the changes in a special notebook or notebook, because no one has yet canceled the pregnant distraction and forgetfulness.

Plan your diet based on the needs of the pregnant body. If there is a tendency to excessive weight gain - control the amount of calories eaten, but you should not sit on diets, it is desirable to reduce only the amount of fat and carbohydrates.

Alsonot worth itovereat,eat often5-6 times a day, but in small portions. Give up sweet baking, fried meat and potatoes, hot sauces and pickles, you should not drink a lot of strong tea, coffee, soda, alcohol intake is completely excluded.

Of course, if from time to time the body will demand something forbidden - you should not refuse it, perhaps the future baby lacks a specific element.However mostlyexpectant mother's food should be healthy, contain a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, dairy products. remember, thatanimal proteins linger longer in the bodyand have a stimulating effect on the nervous system. Therefore, meat and fish is better to eat in the morning.

In the 17th week of pregnancy it is important to include in your diet.olive oil. It contains omega-9 fatty acids, which will prevent the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels. If the future mother has no problems with intestinal motility, gas formation and defecation, then you should include in your menubeans. The composition of the beans to 30% vegetable protein, and according to this indicator, it can compete with meat and fish. Also in the beans are valuable macronutrients: potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper.

 

Doctor's recommendation

17 weeks of pregnancyGrytsko Marta Igorevna, Ph.D., obstetrician-gynecologist at the clinic of human reproduction "Alternativa" tells: The body of the child is covered with thin fluffy hairs - lanugo (primary fluff). The original lubricant is produced by special glands and envelops the delicate skin with the thinnest layer, protecting it from the water environment.Grooves on the soles and palms appear after 10 weeks of pregnancy, they are now entrenched - this is the basis for future fingerprints that are genetically determined.

The fatty layer participating in a metabolism begins to be formed. The placenta transfers baby food and oxygen and takes away the waste products. Now she is the same size as the child.

Baby perfectly hears the sounds that occur in the mother's body. Not without reason, experts advise pregnant women to attend concerts, exhibitions and other events, being charged with positive energy, which will be transmitted to the child. Psychologists advise you to talk with the baby, read him fairy tales, etc.

At the end of the week, the fruit has a length of 13 cm and weighs on average 130-150 g.

Possible problems

In the 17th week of pregnancy is importantmonitor the condition of the urinary systemfuture mom. Her kidneys are now working literally for wear, because they need to filter out from the blood not only the waste products of the woman, but also the baby’s waste, which is eliminated into the mother’s blood through the placenta.

Because of such active work, sometimesmaternity kidneys faildue to which it can be observedurine stasisand lead to a number of inflammatory diseases such as cystitis, bacteriuria, pyelonephritis, etc. In order to prevent such diseases, the expectant mother needs to empty her bladder more often, eliminate salty and spicy foods from the diet, and also monitor the swelling.

The enlarged uterus puts pressure on the internal organs, for example, the intestines and the stomach, as a result of which the expectant mother may experienceheartburn. This condition also has a hormonal nature. The esophagus and the stomach are separated by a special muscle, the sphincter, which normally prevents food from returning from the stomach to the esophagus.

But during pregnancy, the body increases the level of progesterone hormone. Progesterone relaxes smooth muscles throughout the body, this is necessary in order to reduce the excitability of the uterus. But in addition to the uterus, other smooth muscle organs, including the sphincter, also relax.

Due to the relaxation of the sphincter, the contents of the stomach, where food is digested with acid, is transferred back from the stomach to the esophagus. Due to the effects of acid, the mucous membrane of the esophagus suffers, and heartburn begins.Also, under the influence of hormones, the acidity of the gastric juice can also grow, which causes a burning sensation.

This unpleasant disease does not affect the development of pregnancy and the condition of the future baby, but it significantly complicates the life of the future mother. To reduce the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms in pregnant women, you should follow simple rules:

  • do not overeat, eat in small portions several times a day;
  • include in your diet foods that have alkaline properties (sour cream, cream, butter);
  • vegetables consumed boiled;
  • avoid too hot drinks;
  • exclude sour fruits and berries;
  • within 30-40 minutes after a meal should not go to bed, because horizontal position of the body provokes the reflux of hydrochloric acid from the stomach into the esophagus and does not bend, for example, to remove shoes.

 

Required tests

In addition to traditional urine and blood tests, at the 17th week of pregnancy, the expectant mother can be offered second-trimester screening -triple test. A screening study is necessary to identify pathologies and chromosomal abnormalities in the future mother and baby.For screening need to take a blood test from a vein, through which we can estimate the level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and unconjugated estriol (NE) in a woman's body as well as make an ultrasound.

If the results of analysis of the levels of these substances are abnormal, your doctor may suspect the fetus chromosomal abnormalities and assign holding amniotsentoza - further study of amniotic fluid.

DuringUltrasoundin the 17th week of pregnancy, the expectant mother will already be able to find out the sex of her baby, provided that he does not turn back to the screen. Also, the doctor will check whether the size of the baby and the uterus in pregnancy there are no abnormalities in the development of a fetal heart rate, physical activity, the condition of uterine myometrium and amniotic fluid.

 

Useful tips

Of course, the state of pregnancy is unique, so try, in spite of all problem situations,look positive in everything, remember that the baby in the stomach reacts to the emotions and mood of the mother, allow yourself to be happy. Communicate with baby, for him it is now very important to hear my mother's voice.

Together with the childlisten to melodious music, and about what kind of melody he likes the most, he will inform with his active movements. In addition, music therapy perfectly restores strength and invigorates.

If a pregnant woman feels tired, it is worth asking relatives to help with the housework. Of course, cleaning around the house can replace special physical exercises, but you shouldn’t be overstretched, trying hard to do the usual amount of household chores.

A growing tummy can hardly fit into familiar jeans, and skirts with a belt do not fasten at the waist. Purchasespecial clothes and underwear for pregnant women, to feel comfortable and comfortable every day. Do not think. That clothes for pregnant women are just shapeless robes and bell dresses. Even if the working day of a pregnant woman takes place in an office with a strict dress code, in specialty stores for expectant mothers there are wonderful sets that are different from traditional business attire with natural fabrics, comfortable tailoring and special knitted inserts.

You also need to pay attention to shoes and change shoes with heels to comfortable ballet flats, espadrilles, moccasins and loffers on a low speed.

17th week of pregnancy: the expectant mother, if she feels well, can well affordtravel. Especially if the pregnancy is successful and it is full of energy, then you should not deny yourself the pleasure of seeing something new. The only caveat - choose a familiar country, now is not up to extreme in the tropical jungle and consult with your doctor about possible problems and complications before a detour.

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  • 17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy

    17th week of pregnancy