> >5 abandoned grand buildings
People are constantly building something for their needs. For this reason, there is nothing surprising in the fact that a large part of these, often unique, structures eventually turn out to be abandoned. From time to time among such architectural “dinosaurs” there are constructions that are unique in their own way, grandiose and majestic. In this review, the most interesting of them.
Fort Red Sands
In 1942, Great Britain built a network of coastal fortifications, which allowed to control the sky (shoot down Luftwaffe planes), as well as monitor German ships at sea, primarily minesweepers. This system of fortifications was called "Forts Munsell." Most of the structures resemble oil platforms, however, Fort Red Sands is different from most of the fortifications built.
In the 50s of the last century, the forts wrote off. Since they were outside the jurisdiction of Great Britain, they were very quickly captured by “radio pirates”,who created a banned radio station on the Red Sands platform, began to broadcast funny broadcasts full of obscene expressions, and broadcast the banned music on the British air.
Mountain drifter Bagger 258
Going to the countryside between Berlin and Dresden, you can stumble upon a huge machine Bagger 258 - a descendant of German industrialization, which today stands peacefully near the town of Shipkau. What it is? This giant is a machine for laying mines and mining coal. Installation works on tracked load. Her progress from place to place was a truly ambitious event. The car weighs 3,850 tons. The miners called it the “Blue Miracle” because of the soothing blue color of the hull.
Bagger 258 was stopped in 2002. Near the machine there are no more known coal reserves, and dismantling and disposing of a giant miner turned out to be an event too expensive even for Germany. Thus, while the 258th plays the role of local attractions.
Rocket base Nekoma
In the United States, in North Dakota, 15 miles from the border with Canada, in the present American wilderness there is the town of Nekoma. The place is so "deaf" that in the settlement there is not even a gas station for cars.If you go wander through the local environs, then there is a chance to stumble upon the territory enclosed by a fence. Behind it will be a truncated pyramid at the top. The structure is very mysterious and even a little scary.
The thing is that Nekoma is an abandoned military base. Today, anyone can come here. Once there were working mines with nuclear missiles, ready at any moment to hit the PRC and the USSR. This base is (once) one of the first US anti-nuclear defense targets. It housed the Safeguard radar - the most advanced of those created by the Americans.
Wiretapping station Teufelsberg
To the west of Berlin there is a hill, and on the hill there are such mysterious buildings with domes. Once there was a technical college, built by the Nazis before the war. Already after the war, Teufelsberg was turned into a dump by local residents, and during the cold war the Americans became interested in the place. It turned out that radio broadcasts of communist neighbors from not only in the eastern part of Berlin, but even in Prague, are very well heard from these hills. So a radar station appeared on the hills, which was built in the 60s of the last century.The facility was part of the secret Echelon project.
Longarone is a quite typical, not very remarkable at first glance settlement of the Italian province of Belluno. Snowy mountains, ideal roads, neat houses. Idyll breaks only a huge concrete wall, embedded in the rock. However, this is not a wall at all, but a dam, which was designed in 1920. They began to build a dam in 1957 against the backdrop of an economic boom. Works completed by 1960. Construction height was 262 meters.
Due to errors in the calculations of engineers, the largest man-made tsunami happened here. In 1963, there was a fall of mountains in the reservoir, as a result of which a wave with a height of 90 meters rose from it. She swept from the face of the earth Longarone, as well as several neighboring villages. In this incident, about 3 thousand people died.