> >5 most popular Soviet SUVs
Thanks to the Soviet engineering, humanity has a lot of machines that can give odds to all sorts of Land Rover and Gelendvagenam. So - the most popular Soviet SUVs.
GAZ-67. He is Ivan-Willis, he is the Father
Shortly before the war, the great Soviet minds cracked the thought of the need to create a high-quality off-road vehicle for military purposes. All advanced military powers at that time already had an established production system for all-terrain vehicles, and it was decided to take the American Willys MB Geer as the basis for domestic development.
As is known, memorable Willys is considered to be the father of all jeeps, now produced by the world auto industry. With minor changes, it was produced until 2004, under the brand Jeer Wrangler. The Soviet variation of Willis was given the name GAZ-67. A four-cylinder engine with a volume of 3,280 cubic centimeters was installed on the car, developing power of 54 horsepower.Immediately we need to make a reservation that right up until the collapse of the USSR, off-road vehicles were designed not only for traveling off-road, but also as tractors for light artillery installations. GAZ-67 coped with this task superbly and could tow a trailer weighing up to one ton. Having successfully worked during the Great Patriotic War, GAZ-67 helped a lot to the friendly powers of the USSR. In large quantities, cars were delivered to North Korea, where the machine was widely used during the war of the 50s.
GAZ-69. He is a "goat"
Shortly after the war, research began on a new model of an SUV designed to replace a reliable but outdated GAZ-67. The first prototypes were released back in 1948, and the mass production of the GAZ-69 began in 1953, at the GAZ plant in Ulyanovsk, previously engaged in the production of the legendary "lorry". From the outset, the "goat" began to go in two versions. The first had two doors and a body for eight seats, and the second, which appeared under the name GAZ-69A, had five doors and five seats. The power unit with a capacity of 50 lo-shadiny forces was borrowed from the newly mastered Victory.
True, it was a little inferior to Ivan-Willis motor in terms of torque, but in peacetime conditions nobody paid attention to it.The car was actively imported to all countries of the world. In Romania and China, it was even independently produced by local factories, but without a license and under a local brand. GAZ-b9 gained particular popularity in the hot countries of Africa and Latin America. The "tropical" performance of an SUV has earned the tender love of the military, planters and slave owners from third world countries. Until now, Russian “goats” ride through the rainforests, although somewhat modified by the efforts of local craftsmen.
Inspired by the loud slogan "Catch up and overtake America," the Soviet automakers decided to overtake all countries combined. Wishing to wipe their nose and the British Land Rovers and American Hummers, the designers began to design a fundamentally new SUV, equally suitable for both military and civilian needs. The project was ready in 1961, but mass production began only in 72.
Despite the sluggish start, UAZ cars are now considered among the most popular in the world. You probably have repeatedly noticed UAZ in Hollywood action films that are set in the Middle East or Africa.In total, our main SUV was exported to more than 100 countries of the world and is still produced in Russia in a modernized form under the “Hunter” brand.
Opinions about this car have always been extremely controversial. Some praise the “hunting Zaporozhets”, calling it the best people's car, and some frowning disgustingly, noticing an awkward silhouette in the car traffic. Nevertheless, the car, created on the basis of ZAZ - 969, the famous "eared", in 1978 at the international salon in Turin entered the top ten cars in Europe, and in 1979 at the Czechoslovak exhibition received a gold medal as the best car for the village. And indeed, genuine love and recognition of LuAz was gained from the villagers, as well as from hunters and fishermen.
Niva. She is Lada-2121
In the history of the Soviet automotive industry, this car will forever remain as the first SUV without a military past, designed exclusively for civilian use. While still in the embryonic stage of an experienced car, the Niva took part in a competition for patency, in which experienced models of all-wheel drive "Moskvich", UAZ, LuAzy and Land-Rovers participated.Such hard-to-reach places, such as arable land with melted snow, career sand, wetted by rain and other cunning places, were chosen especially for testing.
All venerable ATVs were immediately bogged down in the fertile domestic land, and the Niva continued its movement, never stuck in the obstacles. Everything else, "Niva" was the only passenger car, which was officially exported to Japan. Rumor has it that one of the most popular SUVs in the world, "Suzuki Vitara" was designed using the developments of the Volga automobile plant. Like the entire history of the domestic automotive industry, the Soviet experience of creation was ambiguous, but certainly successful. The coarseness of the assembly was justified by the form factor, and constructive solutions to this day find their admirers around the world.