Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

Water on the plot - the first thing. Without it, it will not be possible to grow a garden, to harvest from the garden. Yes, and just live in the summer on a plot of land with imported water - one torment. The classic solution to this problem since ancient times was a well at the dacha.

well on the summer cottage

How many people were saved by a well not just from thirst - from starvation in the course of history, the fate of how many lands, countries, peoples and historical accomplishments he decided - his majesty the Well!

well on the summer cottage

How to find water on the site for the well

It would seem: why is it easier? Dig a hole deeper, strengthen the walls, tie a bucket - and pump yourself water for life from the well for watering. What could be so complicated? But in reality, digging and arranging a well is an ancient and special science that requires special knowledge and skills that affect the well throughout the “life” of this indispensable element of a country house, from finding water to maintaining the well in working condition with high water quality, all year round. over the years.

well on the summer cottage
In fact, the problem of making a well on the site comes down to three short questions: Where to dig? How to dig? What to build? Of course, these questions are legitimate if you do not have a water supply system on the site, if the site is not the shore of the reservoir and if you have decided not to drill a well.

well on the summer cottage
Where to dig? how to find water on a site for a well is a question both interesting, and controversial. There are directly opposite opinions on this issue. To verify this, it is enough to interview friends and neighbors in the dacha. They will advise different things, and they will argue themselves hoarse.

And the essence of these disputes will be the following: is there a method for accurately determining the place under the well and its future depth, and if so, which method is the most reliable?

well on the summer cottage

Supporters of the "aquiferous vein" theory, common among the inhabitants of any rural hinterland, base their opinion on practical observations that water is high in neighboring areas in some wells, deep in others, and no one was able to get to it in other wells.

well on the summer cottage

 

And then various methods are involved in the search for these “veins”: from the popular-mystical “biolocation” (when the U-shaped wires converge over the apartment in the hands of a dowser)before scientific scanning in various ways using maps of underground rivers, practiced by commercial and even government organizations.

well on the summer cottage

But the trouble is that all these methods falter about as likely as if you just poke your finger in the ground and say "here." And then supporters of the theory that no scan is able to give an exact answer about the place of the future well, insist on drilling exploratory wells. Only this method, in their opinion, can give an accurate result.

well on the summer cottage

But the well cannot show what the fullness (ie, productivity) of the future well will be - it will only show where there is water.
In order to understand this dispute, it is necessary to study geology. And for the summer resident, who just needs a well for watering, it is simply irrational. Therefore, in order not to fall under the divorce of well mystics and scammers, it is advisable to take into account a certain middle ground in the disputes described. The fact is that in central Russia there are no “underground rivers” or even “aquiferous veins”.

well on the summer cottage

Under the Central Russian flat terrain lies a tectonic basalt plate, on which are layered (from the word “layer”!) Sedimentary rocks - clay, sand, limestone, covered from above with a thin layer of soil.Some of these layers (sand, for example) flow well and contain it in abundance where it is? Where to make a well on the site?

 

We drill well

These aquifers, as a rule, lie at a depth of 10–330 m. And if they get to the bottom, they will fill the well with groundwater. The purity, transparency and composition of such water depends on the mineral composition of the aquifer. At a depth of 60 m. Such layers may be several, and each of them will produce water of its composition and quality.

well on the summer cottage

 

Deeper than 60 m. There may be underground voids containing artesian water in its pure form, and a well is not suitable for its use (such water will gush - always or seasons), but a well is needed. The aquifers with ground water lie horizontally if the terrain is flat. When rivers flow nearby, or the surface of the ground is cut by ravines, the layers fall obliquely.

well on the summer cottage

Therefore, a practical way to determine a place for a well is to carefully analyze the depth and occupancy of all existing wells in the district, compare their water quality, take into account seasonal fluctuations in occupancy and, using this information, estimate the depth of your future well.

well on the summer cottage

And the place where it will be located should be no closer than 30 m.from the toilet and hozpostroyek. Thus, the proposed approach to determining the place where we will drill a well comes down to an assessment of its depth and cost savings.

well on the summer cottage

The probability of luck and failure in this case will be approximately equal to the use of any other means in determining the place for the well, from the people’s to scanning and reconnaissance drilling. How to dig? The answer to this question depends on the depth of the future well and the materials used for it. Therefore, he combines with the question “What to build?” If the well is shallow (the smallest ones are 1–11.5 m deep), then it will be just a hole dug with a wooden box, preferably made of aspen (does not rot ).

well on the summer cottage

Depth from 1,5 to 5 m. Is reached by work of the usual excavator. In this case, a wooden blockhouse, a concrete pipe or concrete rings can be used as the walls of the well. The design is installed at the bottom of the pit, then sprinkled on the outside with soil. The situation is more complicated with deep wells - from 5 to 30 m.

In certain conditions (type of soil, availability of equipment) a pit for such a well can be dug by a mining excavator, the bucket of which is fixed on metal cables.But in practice, the use of such equipment is not always possible, and then the well is dug manually.

well on the summer cottage

This happens with the use of special tools (the so-called "knife", which allows concrete rings to fall vertically) when the bottom of the well goes deep with a shovel, the soil rises to the top of the rope, and the rings are gradually lowered and delivered from above. The same thing happens when building a log house.
At manual construction a well on the seasonal dacha it is important to observe precautionary measures.

well on the summer cottage

The safety belt with a cable at the excavator will allow it to be pulled out of the pit in case of injury or poisoning from underground gases. Smoking in the well because of these gases is strictly prohibited - they contain explosive methane.

well on the summer cottage

On the head - a helmet (the container with the ground is periodically dropped). Rubber boots and warm clothes will save you from colds. Above, in order to avoid complications, no less than two adult men should always be located.
Concrete rings for the arrangement of the well can be factory-made, and can be made on site, in a special formwork.The digging of the well, as a rule, continues at a depth of about 2 m. After the active aquifer is found. Water is pumped out in this case.

well on the summer cottage

At the bottom of the finished well, in order to avoid silting, coarse gravel is laid. Regular and uniform use of the well will make the necessary procedure for cleaning the well quite rare.

well on the summer cottage
P.S. There is another important question, the answer to which everyone knows, but many may forget: “When?” The answer is. Seasonal fluctuations of water in the aquifer are such that its highest level is observed in winter and spring, the lowest in summer and autumn. You can dig a well only in summer and autumn, with the lowest level of groundwater in the aquifer of your choice.

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  • Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha

    Advice from professionals how to dig a well on the seasonal dacha