Dog Rose: photo, description, application

Dog Rose: photo, description, application

What is Dog Briar? The description, properties and application of this plant you can find in this article.dog-rose

General information about the plant

Doggy wild rose is a kind of plant,which belongs to the genus dogrose and the family pink. Other names of this shrub are "rose canina" and "rose dog". These names were formed by comparing the plant in question with garden roses. There is also another version. According to her, in the 18-19th centuries dog-rose was used to treat animal bites.

Dog rose: a botanical description of the bush

This plant is aa deciduous shrub which is able to reach a height of 1.5-2.5 meters. Its shoots are thick, straight or arcuate. The bark of the stems is green, and from the sunny side - slightly blushing.

Like all representatives of the family pink,dog dog rose has thorns. They are rare and sickle-shaped, laterally compressed and with a very short base. On the main stalks the spines are practically straight, and on the flower-bearing shoots - hook-shaped and curved and abundant.

The length of the middle leaves of flowering shoots is oftenreaches 7-9 cm. They are glabrous and are streaked with short hairs only along the main vein. At the base of the leaves there is a glandular-ciliate narrow stipules with sharp ears.

Dogberry dog, the description of which we are considering, blooms in May-June. His flowers do not smell. They are single or collected by 3-5 pieces in the corymbiform apical inflorescence.dog rose doggy photo

Flowers of the plant in question often reach a diameter of 5-8 centimeters. They have a white or bright pink color.

Below the sepals of flowers are dotted with smallhairs, and from above - naked. They can reach a length of 20-25 millimeters. After flowering sepals bend back and ripen before the ripening of the hips.

As for the petals of the flower, they have a flat or conical shape, and also a diameter of 4-5 millimeters.

After the ripening of the fetuses, dog roseit is covered with smooth and glossy berries of orange-red color. In a mature form they reach a length of 15-26 millimeters. Also, fruits have a broadly oval shape. They are devoid of glands and contain seeds in the form of hairy nuts. The hips grow in August.

Distribution of the plant

Where can you find dog-dog, photowhich is presented in this article? According to experts, this shrub grows in Europe, West Asia and North Africa. Also it can be found in the European part of Russia. Sometimes it grows to the north (for example, in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Central Asia).

Most often, the plant in question is found in sparse forests, felling, glades, grassy and treeless shrubby slopes, on the banks of rivers and streams, in wasteland and along roads.dogrose dog description

Chemical properties

In medical practice, very often the fruits of dog hips are used. Specialists say that such berries contain flavonoids, vitamins and other compounds.

It should also be noted that the content of ascorbic acid fruits of the plant in question are much inferior to those of cinnamon and other high-vitamin types.

Dogrose: dog application

Most often, the plant in question is used for medicinal purposes. And the use of canine dog rose is common not only in traditional, but also in folk medicine.

The fruit of this shrub is actively used forobtaining the preparation "Holosas". It has a pronounced choleretic property, and is also used for hepatitis, cholecystitis and other diseases of the gallbladder and liver.

Proponents of traditional medicine very oftenuse tea made from a dog rose. In their opinion, such a drink is highly effective in inflammation of the kidneys, scarlet fever, typhoid fever, as well as with liver, stomach, intestine. In addition, this drug is used for tuberculosis.dogrose dog application

How to use?

Before starting treatment of various diseases through the plant in question, you should carefully prepare medicinal raw materials.

Fruits of dog rose with grainspour boiling water and steam for several hours. Observing a strict diet, this drink is taken with ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, as well as with catarrh of the stomach with decreased secretion and anemia.

The leaves of the dog rose well go formaking tea. Specialists say that such a fragrant drink calms pain in the stomach, and also helps to reduce desires for diarrhea and improves digestion.

Infusion made from the plant in question is used for diseases of the bladder, liver, kidneys and biliary tract.

As for the medicinal broth, which is prepared from the roots of dog rose, it dissolves the stones well and kills malarial parasites.

Features of the plant

Now you know what constitutescanine dog rose. How to distinguish this plant from other species? Experts argue that the bracts of the bush under consideration are tightly pressed against the fetus. As for the bracts of other species of wild rose, they usually stand upright.canine hips

Harvesting of dog hips

Procurement of mature fruits occurs at the endAugust - the beginning of September. Do it manually. After harvesting berries they are dried in ovens and special dryers. Ready-made medicinal raw materials must necessarily meet all the same requirements as raw materials of other types of wild rose.

Contraindications

Despite the fact that the fruits and leaves of a shrub such as wild rose, have been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times, the plant under consideration has a number of contraindications.

According to experts,The uncontrolled use of this raw material can easily lead to a malfunction in the operation of many internal organs. Therefore, before using it, you should always consult a doctor.

Doctors report that the use of infusion, brothand tea, prepared with fruit and rosehip leaves, is contraindicated in high acidity. This is due to the fact that it contains ascorbic acid.

It should also be noted that the listed drugs are strictly forbidden to use people who are prone to thrombophlebitis and thrombosis.

Patients with heart disease needto treat the use of dogrose very carefully. This medicinal plant is forbidden to take in large quantities with inflammation of the inner shell of the heart (that is, with endocarditis) and some other diseases.dog-rose doggy botanical description

If the patient has an increasedblood pressure, then in no case should he use alcoholic tincture of dog rose. As for hypotensive patients, for them, on the contrary, such a remedy will prove to be very useful.

To reduce blood pressure, patients should take only waterborne rose hips. In this case, such a decoction is contraindicated in people with low blood pressure.

Long-term use of rosehip preparationscan have a negative effect on liver function. In some cases, such use of medicines caused even non-infectious jaundice.

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