Enterovirus infection in children is one of the most common diseases.
Enteroviruses rank second in the list of causes of SARS.
Surprisingly, despite the fact that this infection was picked up by almost allchildren, many parents still do not know what is enterovirus infection.
Enterovirus infection - acute diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are caused by enteroviruses. Currently, more than 60 types of enterovirus infection pathogens are known.
Depending on the serotype (a group of microorganisms of the same type, which are combined by a common antigenic structure and determined by serological diagnostic methods) they are divided into 4 groups. The most common enterovirus infection is caused by Coxsackie and polio viruses.
The danger of enterovirus infection is thatthat its pathogens are very stable: they can persist for a long time in moist soil and water, then entering the human body through a water supply system or contaminated food.
We collected10 facts about enterovirus infection in childrenthat every mother should know to help her child in time.
1. Enterovirus infection is transmitted through the mouth, by airborne droplets, through contaminated water and food, as well as by contact and household routes.
2. Enteroviruses can multiply in almost all organs and tissues of the body.that explains the variety of symptoms. The most common symptoms of enterovirus infection in children are fever, headache, pain in the abdominal region, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, rash on the arms and legs, swelling of the extremities, and ulcers in the mouth. Enterovirus infection in children may be asymptomatic or may occur only with fever.
3. The danger of enterovirus infectionis that it is able to spread in various organs and persist in the human body for many years, which can lead to prolonged illness after the initial infection.
4. Enteroviruses are fairly stable.They remain viable at room temperature for several days and can survive in the acidic environment of the stomach.
5. Enterovirus is sensitive to:Formalin, chlorine, high temperatures and ultraviolet radiation.
6. As a rule, enterovirus infection in children is mild.and does not lead to serious complications. However, advanced forms of enterovirus infection affect various organs and systems, provoking the development of serious diseases, and in some cases can be fatal.
7. The most severe forms of enterovirus infection- Meningitis and encephalitis, which begin acutely with a rise in temperature of up to 39–40 ° C, severe headache, repeated vomiting, not associated with food intake; abdominal pain, delirium, convulsions, rash may also occur. Recall that not so long ago in Ukraine, an outbreak of viral meningitis was recorded.
8. Does the child need antibiotics in the treatment of enterovirusonly a doctor can determine. However, according to Dr. Komarovsky, the WHO manual says that antibiotics can be used for intestinal infections only in three cases: if diarrhea does not go away in a child within 2 weeks and lamblia are detected, if blood is found in feces, if it is cholera.
9. Treatment of enterovirus infection in childrenis to prevent dehydration. For this child, it is necessary to unsolder with oral rehydration agent (for example, Rehydron). Such a solution can be prepared independently: in 1 l of water add 2 tbsp. spoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt. Give a tablespoon of solution every 5-10 minutes. There are no specific antiviral drugs for enterovirus infection. At high temperatures, an antipyretic agent prescribed by a doctor is given; in severe cases, hospitalization is performed.
10. Effectiveness of vaccination against enterovirus infectionproved by the example of polio. However, to create a vaccine that can develop immunity to all enteroviruses has not yet succeeded, which is associated with a huge variety of viruses and their ability to modify. However, development work is underway, and the first vaccines are already undergoing clinical studies.