Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

Konotop Tatiana

There are frequent cases when children are injured while at home. In most cases, parents can prevent such troubles.
For example, it is very risky to play with small children with different beads, glass balls, designers containing small parts, etc. Care should be taken when a child eats candy, seeds, and other small products. Remember that a baby is only one second long to choke a small part stuck in the mouth. As with most injuries, suffocation, which can occur as a result of a foreign body entering the respiratory tract, should be prevented.
But if it still happened, do not lose composure, and quickly provide first emergency aid. Indeed, the life of a baby may depend on the exact actions of parents.

So,signs of suffocation:
• The child can not make a single sound;
• The baby's face first turns red, then turns blue;
• The child may lose consciousness.

Your actions.

If you are dealing with a baby, then
1) Sit on a chair or drop on one knee. Put the child on your knee so that its head is down and your chest and tummy are on your outstretched arm that supports it.
2) Hit it between the shoulder blades four times. Try that the blow was not too strong and not too weak.
3) If the stuck object starts moving, be very careful when you use your finger to get it out of the baby’s mouth. At such a moment there is a risk of pushing the foreign body even further.
4) If hitting the back does not help, do a push on the stomach like this:
• Lay the baby on a hard surface on his back, tilt his head back, lift his chin;
• Place two fingers of one hand on the child’s upper abdomen, where the ribs meet, and quickly push inwards and upwards. The movement must be strong enough to remove a foreign object;
• If the first time is not enough, then conduct reception up to four times.

Help for older children:
1) Sit in a chair and put the child on his knees, with his head down.Or stand on one knee, putting the child on the second.
2) Support the child under the chest with one hand, and hit the other four times between the shoulder blades with the other.
3) If the blows to the back do not help, then put the child on his lap, one hand on his stomach. Squeeze this hand into a fist, pushing the inner side where the thumb is in the middle of his stomach, and with the other hand hold the child behind his back. Quickly press your fist on your stomach a little up and as deep as possible. The movement must be strong to push the stuck object. Repeat pressing up to four times.

If the child has lost consciousness.
1) call an ambulance;
2) place the child on his back, tilt his head back so that the airway opens as much as possible, and begin to do mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration if the baby does not breathe;

How to do artificial respiration:
• never give artificial respiration to a person who breathes on his own;
• hold the chin in a vertical position - then the airway will remain open;
• The child has a small face, so you can blow air through the nose and mouth at the same time;
• do not use the full force of your lungs - the baby’s lungs will not be able to hold the entire volume of your exhalation;
• After exhaling, remove the lips and allow air to escape from the baby’s lungs. At this time, take a breath yourself;
• Exhale the air again in the baby’s mouth and nose;
• With artificial respiration for a baby, your breathing should be shorter than usual.

3) If the air does not pass into the child’s lungs, repeat the blows between the shoulder blades and pressing on the stomach;
4) Continue to do artificial respiration and other techniques until the arrival of doctors.

Let's sum up. As you can see, saving a child is a difficult and responsible matter, so try to avoid risk factors. Namely:
• Make sure that the baby does not play with small objects that he could put in his mouth or inadvertently inhale;
• Do not give candies, nuts, seeds, etc. to children under the age of seven.
• Prevent a child from playing with ropes and laces, which he may accidentally wrap around his neck and suffocate;
• Stop playing with plastic bags.

And a little more about small items. Small children often push small beads, buttons, paper balls, seeds, etc. into their nose or ear.It is important that, trying to pull an extraneous body from the nose, you do not push it even deeper.

So,Your actions in contact with a foreign body in the nose:
• Soft object try to pull out with tweezers with thin sponges;
• Try to make your baby sneeze.
• An older child may be asked to nasally exhale. Do not ask about this baby, instead of a sharp exhalation, he can begin to draw air into him.
• If your actions were unsuccessful, consult an otolaryngologist.

If the baby shoved something into the nose and didn’t say anything to you, then a few days after it hit the foreign body, there would be a fetid discharge from the nose mixed with blood. In this case, immediately consult a doctor-Laura.

If you see that the child is picking at the ear or began to complain of pain, it means that a foreign object could fall into his ear. Do not try to get it yourself, unless the object looks out of the ear. Consult an otolaryngologist.

Remember, your attentiveness is a guarantee of the child's health!

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  • Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

    Foreign bodies in the body of a child. First aid

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