Water treatmentdivided into rubdowns (general and local), douche (local and general), baths, showers and swimming. Begin 3. with local rubdowns or douches and gradually pass to the general.
Rubdowns can be started from 5 months of age. First rub hands and feet towards the heart, then neck, chest, abdomen, back. Immediately after wiping off, K.-L. parts of her body are rubbed with a dry soft towel to light reddening of the skin, and then proceed to wipe the next section. The whole procedure lasts no more than 3-5 minutes.
Wiping out children of the first year of life begins with water having a temperature of 36 ° C in winter and 35 ° C in summer. Every 5-7 days, the temperature of water is reduced by 1 ° C and gradually adjusted to 30-28 ° C. Wiping off children of preschool age is started with water having a temperature of 33-32 ° C, gradually reducing it to 17-16 ° WITH.
For 3. children are widely used pouring feet and foot baths. Pouring the feet is carried out daily before bedtime. Begin with a water temperature of 28 ° -26 ° C and, gradually reducing it every 2-3 days by 1 °, adjusted to 16 "C.General dousing is a stronger procedure, they are transferred to it after preliminary local drenching of the feet or a general rubdown. The initial water temperature is 37-36 "C; every 5-6 days the water temperature is reduced by 1 °, bringing it to 28" C in the winter and 22 ° C in the summer. Duration of douche is 20-30 s, after it it is necessary to quickly rub the child’s body with a dry towel until the skin becomes lightly pink. The whole procedure takes 2-3 minutes. Pouring can be carried out from the age of one year after preliminary preparation of the child by rubbing in for 2-3 weeks.
Souls are prescribed for children from one and a half years old. The duration of the shower is 1-2 minutes, the temperature of the water is the same as when douche. 3. sunbeams begin only after the child's body is 3. air baths.
The hardening effect of sunlight is due to the effect on the body of ultraviolet radiation. The best time for sunbathing is from 10 to 12 hours a day. Sunbathing is recommended to take 1.5 hours after a meal and finish 30 minutes before eating. Duration of sunbathing for infants - no more than 20 minutes. After it is finished, water procedures are recommended: douche, rubbing or shower (for children over 1.5 years old).
3. It does not cure, but prevents the disease, and this is its most important preventive role.In acute diseases involving fever, all tempering procedures are excluded. As the child recovers, the order of performing the tempering procedures recommended for healthy children is restored. As a result of correctly carried out 3. the incidence considerably decreases, physical is improved. and neuropsychic development of children.