Kostenko Lina Vasilievna is a Ukrainian poetess,which belongs to the so-called generation of the sixties. She had to go through many tests. She went into creative "solitude." According to her character, she could not even get along with the Ukrainian intelligentsia, whose main values were always upheld. But Lina Kostenko, whose creativity and life we will consider in this short essay, has always been very beloved among the youth. Students, like many years ago, go to her lectures and rare meetings with her. And every time when in Ukraine happens some outstanding event, the poet responds to him with a sharp, and sometimes sarcasm-filled aphorism.
Kostenko Lina Vasilievna was born in March-month,19 of 1930, in the town of Rzhyshchiv, not far from Kiev, in a family of teachers. Six years after her birth, the family moved to the capital of Ukraine. She lived on Trukhanov Island, which in those years was called the "Kiev Venice". During the Nazi occupation, he was burned along with the village. She graduated from two universities - the Kiev Pedagogical and the Moscow Literary Institute - and in 1956 entered into adulthood. Already in those years unofficially one of the most promising poets was named she, Lina Kostenko. Photo in the youth of our heroine shows her elegant figure, intelligent face and a bold look.
At first poetry poetry was supportiveapprehended by criticism. But, beginning in 1961, she was accused of being "apolitical" and practically did not publish, and her writings were increasingly criticized by the then authorities. Lina Kostenko's poems began to be published in other countries - in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and also were popular in samizdat. When in 1965 they began to arrest dissidents among the Ukrainian intelligentsia, she openly defended the persecuted in her characteristic outrageous manner. She wrote letters in defense of political prisoners, threw flowers at the time of the trial. Even then the young people gave her an ovation, despite the danger of such a revealing of feelings. Although Kostenko Lina Vasilyevna was not herself arrested and did not get to be interrogated, she was simply stopped to notice in the Soviet press. Her name was not mentioned, and she herself was listed in the "black lists". The woman worked mostly on the table.
Despite the fact that the proud Ukrainian poetessthey shut up her mouth, it was during this period that she wrote her most famous works. First of all, they are collections of the "Prince Mountain" and "Above the banks of the eternal river", as well as a novel in verse "Marusya Churay", the poem "Berestechko" and "The Duma on the brothers of the Nezov", the play "Garden of non-sculpting sculptures". In her poems, even the earliest, there is a profound philosophical overtones. It easily overcomes established literary stereotypes. The collection "Above the banks of the eternal river" became a real poetic discovery. The main credo of Lina was the words of one of her heroes that he was not afraid of informers in the inn, because he preferred to express everything to the king in person. She enjoyed such a love of readers that even Soviet officials were afraid of her.
In his works Kostenko Lina VasilievnaTurns to traditional themes. These are images of art, mythological characters, biographies of famous people. But at the same time she gives all this second and third meanings, polemicizes with the present, draws interesting parallels, makes subtle ironic attacks. Critics argue that in this field the poetess has no equal in modern Ukrainian literature. Amazing success was her poetic novel on the historical theme "Marusya Churai." This is a literary interpretation of a well-known story about unhappy love. A girl who wrote popular Ukrainian songs, fell in love with a Cossack, and then poisoned him for infidelity. But the main conflict of the novel is in the clash of maximalism and pragmatism, reckless belief and calculation, which many call "the ability to live." The main creative feature of Lina Kostenko is intellectualism.
In the era of perestroika, the works of the poetessonly began to be published - her merits were highly appreciated. In 1987, the "Shevchenko Prize" was awarded to Kostenko Lina Vasilievna. The photo that you see above, captures how that year looked like a laureate. This award she was awarded for the novel "Marusya Churai". The poet also received many other awards. This is the international prize of Petrarch (1994), and the Order of Yaroslav the Wise (2000). But she refused the title of the Hero of Ukraine, sarcastically saying that she does not wear jewelry. Many of her collections and dramatic works that have not seen the light for many years have come out. In 2010, her poem "Berestechko" was published, as well as the only prosaic novel "Notes of the Ukrainian lunatic", which caused a huge stir. The most popular were her collections of poems "Hyacinth Sun" and "The River of Heraclitus."
Autobiography is not the genre thatinspired the poetess. For all her eighty-odd years, she never bothered to write anything like that. But in 2012, on April 9, the birthday of Charles Baudelaire, Ukrainian dissident writer Ivan Dzyuba presented a book about her life "There are poets for ages." The poet continues to write poetry, trying to embrace vast historical spaces, to comprehend the paradoxes of culture and politics. She very sharply feels the disharmony of the world in which we all live, and expresses it in ironic aphorisms, which responds to topicality. "What is happening now," the poetess philosophizes, "is a nightmare that dreamed of humanity. Then it will be called History. And then add to previous nightmares. " "My blood comes out of my ears when I hear my people being hurt."
Of similar feelings in her poetry ariseapocalyptic motives. But in the end, Lina Kostenko's work is not aimed at despair and hopelessness, but at the desire for perfection, humanity, the desire to reach the mind and dignity of fellow citizens. "And whoever there will say anything to anyone, but evil will perish and the truth will prevail!" - she is sure. At one of the press conferences, the poet expressed her long-standing dream.