Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

Goncharenko Tatyana Gennadievna

The problem of school failure is very relevant today. Many children from the very beginning of education fall into the category of those who do not succeed and throughout many school years bear the label lagging behind. What children do not assimilate The material is completely not so scary by itself.

Negative consequences affect the formation of personality child:

  • reduce his self-esteem,
  • humble the child with failure, inability,
  • make it passive, indifferent to study, or negatively minded for any training.

Every parent wants his child to grow up well, successful, happy person. And the foundation of such well-being is laid just in school years.Therefore, it is very important to understand the reasons for failure child and do everything possible to school with their strict requirements and by the standards did not lay the pitfalls in his future adult life.

What are the difficulties in learning?

  • from insufficient or untimely formation of individual functional child's psyche systems
  • from mental retardation.

In turn, you can highlight two main reasons leading to such a lack of childish psyche:

  • adverse living conditionsnegative environmental impact: difficult family relationships, poor living conditions, harmful environmental impact, pedagogical neglect;

  • the specifics of the maturation of the brain of a child. It is uneven development of individual areas of the brain, the presence of deviations in their work.

This may be due to an unfavorable intrauterine course. period of development of the child and pathological birth. Further difficulties arise. with certain functions of the psyche - memory, attention, thinking, speech and related with her writing and reading.

Severe pathologynervous system (congenital or early acquired) and relatedgross brain impairment are being studied underdefectology,which was recently renamed“Special psychology ”and“ correctional pedagogy ”.

Most under-performing students have minor violations and are designated asminimal brain dysfunction (MMD).Due to their minimality and partialness, these deviations are not manifested in any way in the preschool childhood, but find themselves starting school. Big intellectual workload, high learning pace and strict control of the results are overwhelming burden on the still not established brain structures that provide a state of mind.

Learning difficulties may be due to lack of interaction. between mental processes:

  • the child cannot master the actions of spatial analysis and synthesis, relevant to learning to account, writing, reading. Spatial concepts add up on the basis of ideas about the scheme of your own body and motor activity in real, living space;

  • computer games with spatial configurations on screen cannot replace the child of the game of hide and seek, hide and seek, catch up and the like in multidimensional real space. Early computerization of preschoolers is serious the reason for the late formation of interrelations of mental functions.

If the psyche of the child is presented in the form of a table with many drawers that store information, then to take advantage of this information, you need to know what kind of drawers and in what sequence to push. This is what is gained in action, objective and active games.
Compliance between pedagogical requirements to the child and his capabilities, including the capabilities of the psyche and nervous system. Inconsistency and leads to learning difficulties.

Mental function is never broken completely and always. remain many components of the child's psyche.
This is the basis of psychological correction and therapeutic pedagogy:
affected components of mental function can be compensated due to fully working links within this function and other healthy mental processes.

If the kid does not have time at school, you should definitely understand in the reasons for this failure with a child psychologist. This will allow you to pick up for child educational games:

  • intelligent,
  • mobile,
  • role-playing,
  • as well as drawing, modeling, cutting, designing,
  • music lessons, choir singing,
  • rhythm, choreography.

Thanks to the development of the preserved mental function will occur compensating for a weaker function and it will be easier for the child to cope with school tasks.

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  • Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties

    Poor children. Causes of learning difficulties