It is very difficult for a physician to identify in a short time and recognize the many possible deviations from normal development. therefore during the examination, the mother must help the doctor and point out all suspicious moments in the development of her own child.
Who better than mom knows her baby! Daily and hourly she watches behind him, her attention is directed to what he has learned in a day, in a week, in month. For this reason, the mother can quickly notice the doctor, what is behind her baby, what the doctor should pay special attention to during the examination.
Consider the cases when mom should be alert and consult with a doctor. These are the cases when the child’s skills to crawl, sit, walk, hold a toy, talking and talking to people around you are not age appropriate. The fact that a child is different in behavior and development from other babies, does not necessarily mean that he is lagging behind in development. He may have his own way, their temporary periods of development. But if a child has a certain age the age-appropriate skills and functions, causes and necessary action and treatment will only be determined by the doctor.
- Baby learns to crawl
- Baby learns to sit
- Baby learns to walk
- Development of grasping movements
- Impaired hearing and vision
- Impaired speech development
- violation of socialization
When the child gradually learns to crawl, you can identify the following deviations from the norm:
- If a child cannot stand upright by the end of the first month of life for a moment hold the head.
- If by the end of the second month it cannot lift the head 5 cm from the surface and hold her.
- If by the end of 3 months he cannot, lying on his stomach, hold the head for 1 minute.
- If by the end of 4 months he cannot, lying on his stomach, lift his torso, leaning on forearm
- If by the end of 5 months the baby does not turn around well from the belly on the back.
- If by the end of 6 months, lying on his stomach, he can not reach the toys.
- If by 8 months he still can not crawl back.
- If by the end of 9 months can not turn around its axis and crawl forward.
- If by the end of 11 months he can not crawl on all fours.
Ability to sitformed gradually during the 1st years of life. Some children start to sit early, others late. To determine, whether the development of functions that provide the ability to sit is impaired, you need to know the following signs of such a violation, which manifest themselves even before the ability to sit will be formed:
- If a child makes asymmetrical movements with pens by the end of 2 months and legs.
- If by the end of 3 months the child cannot hold the head at least on the floor minutes upright.
- If by the end of 4 months his head is tilted back at the moment when it is raised from the supine position.
- If by the end of 5 months the child is uncertainly holding his head, especially in that the moment when it is lifted by the handles from the supine position.
- If by the end of 7 months the child is not trying to hold the hand of the parents sit down
- If, by the end of 9 months, when sitting, it is poorly balanced or cannot turn around its axis.
- If by the end of 11 months can not sit with legs extended.
Ability to walkalso formed gradually over 1st year of life.
You should see a doctor if:
- By the end of 4 months the child, when he is supported in an upright position under the arms, not trying to lean on the tips of the toes.
- By the end of 6 months in the same position does not dance.
- By the end of 8 months can not stand for a short time when holding the handles.
- By the end of 11 months, not trying to stand, holding for furniture or walls playpen
- By the end of 11 months can not move, holding the support.
- By the end of 12 months can not take a few steps, holding hands of an adult.
- By the end of 13 months can not stand alone for at least 10s.
- By the end of the 15 month can not walk freely 20 steps.
- By the end of 16 months does not run freely.
- By the end of 20 months can not kick the ball without support.
- By the end of the 30 months can not go down the stairs without support.
- By the end of 36 months can not 1c without support, keep one foot.
At birth, the child does not possess grasping movements. In the first weeks of life manifestedgrasping reflexwhich then disappears. Conscious grasping movements appear. They are formed gradually, and violations of these movements can be identified before their final formation.
You should contact your doctor if:
- By the end of 3 months, the child does not stretch half-open the handle to the red object., which is held before him.
- By the end of 3 months does not examine their pens.
- By the end of 5 months can not confidently stretch the handle to the toy.
- By the end of 6 months can not grab the cube.
- By the end of 8 months can not hold between the index finger and thumb button
- By the end of 9 months, do not try to drink from a cup and pull off hat or scarf.
- By the end of 12 months, he cannot hold 2 small dice with one hand or give a toy to an adult.
- By the end of 18 months can not build a tower of 3 cubes.
- By the end of the 20 month can not draw straight lines.
- By the end of 24 months can not unscrew the cap from the can.
- By the end of 33 months can not neatly have a spoonful of soup.
- By the end of 36 months can not pour water into the cup.