The concept of "society" is considered in twomain aspects. The first assumes his philosophical explanation. In this aspect, society is called the isolated part of the material world, which represents the form of historical development and life activity of people.
In history, cultural studies and sociology, usuallysociety is viewed as a system, a specific social organism (American, English, Italian, etc.) or a certain stage in the history of mankind (generic, capitalistic, etc.).
The emergence of society by different philosophers andhistorians have historically interpreted differently. Today it is recognized that the society is determined both at the level of social communities and at the level of individuals. This is what makes it possible to talk about the notion of "society as a system," with its subsystems and composite, structural elements.
The main element of any society is a person(a socially developed person). Subsystems of his life are social, economic, political, social and spiritual spheres, which are closely intertwined and are in interaction. Society as a system can exist precisely because of this interaction.
In addition to large subsystems in society,smaller links, for example, different generalities. These include classes, ethnic communities, families, social groups, various collectives, etc., whose interaction is commonly called social relations.
Socially important groups with sustainablerelations between them are formed in a social structure. Their members have common characteristics. These can be related relations, common origin, ethnic features, common ideological (religious) attitudes, social status and others. The social group dictates to the person the norms of behavior, instills value orientations, educates the level of the corresponding claims.
The system of society is supported bysocial institutions - sustainable ways to meet the social needs of people. The main one is the state, which is for the person a guarantor of legality, security, order and protection. In turn, a person for the state is one of the participants in social production and a taxpayer.
In the course of the historical development of society,changes in its structure, the principles on which it is based. Some types of groups lose value, others appear. As a result, constant social integrity is maintained.
Modern ideas about society are based onsystem approach. People are connected among themselves by common activities that are aimed at achieving common goals. The most important characteristic of the society is its integrity, existing despite complex hierarchically built relations.
Society is a system that successfullyreproduces itself over time and a change of generations. The mechanism of reproduction is based on existing stable relationships, which are practically independent in relation to its individual elements and structural links.
The society is also characterized by openness, thatmeans its ability to exchange with the surrounding natural environment, energy, matter and information. At the same time, society, of course, has a much higher degree of organization compared with its environment. It is aimed at the constant satisfaction of their own needs, which indicates the effectiveness of its functioning.
Society as a system has the unity, integrity and stability that ensure adequate functioning in various spheres, all systems and subsystems.