Spring Qatar in children

Spring Qatar in children

 

Spring Qatar in children is a disease that not all parents know about. But since its aggravation falls just in the spring and summer months, today we decided to tell you more about it.

Spring catarrh in children: familiar with the disease

Spring Qatar in children - a chronic allergic eye disease in medicine is a complex name keratoconjunctivitis.

Most often, the disease is diagnosed in boys aged 2 to 9 years, lasts several years, becoming more active in the spring-summer period, and often passes without special treatment.

There are several forms of spring catarrh in children: conjunctival, limbal and mixed.

Causes of spring catarrh in children:

  • susceptibility to allergies;
  • increased sensitivity of the child's eyes to UV rays;
  • increased exposure to solar radiation;
  • the beginning of flowering plants and the presence of pollen in the air;
  • change hormonal background of the child.

Ophthalmologist Ekaterina Vashchenko tells: “Spring Qatar in children most often begins in March-April, reaches a maximum in July-August, and in September-October, the symptoms decline.Most often, the disease is observed in young residents of the southern, dry areas prone to allergies. Boys are more susceptible to Qatar, but girls are also among the diseased. ”

Spring catarrh in children: symptoms

Most often, the disease occurs in a child aged 4-5 years and begins with a simple itch around the eyes. The child scratches the eyes, they turn red, the itching is worse in the late afternoon, there is a burning sensation, a foreign body in the eye, perhaps a sleep disturbance, increased irritability.

A child develops photophobia, tearing occurs, and a filamentous discharge of a viscous structure can accumulate under the upper eyelid.

In the conjunctival form of the disease, the conjunctiva may thicken, it becomes more dull and pale, and the nipples appear in the upper eyelid.

In the case of the limbal form of spring Qatar, the child can grow in the prelimbalnaya tissue, which forms a cushion and grows into the zone of the limbus and cornea. With the defeat of the cornea in a patient's eyesight may fall.

In the mixed form of the disease, both the conjunctiva and the limbus zone are affected, and the child’s eyesight may fall.

There is a bilateral and unilateral form of spring Qatar. Bilateral catarrh is more common, and it is a weaker form of the disease.A unilateral lesion often requires prolonged treatment.

Spring Qatar in children

Read also: Conjunctivitis: how to recognize and cure

Spring catarrh in children: diagnosis

To diagnose spring catarrh in children, it is necessary to contact an ophthalmologist and an allergist.

The doctor will examine the child’s eyes, take into account age, seasonality, make an ophthalmoscopy - fundus examination.

In order to distinguish spring Qatar from other diseases, microbiological studies are carried out. The epithelium of the eyelid mucosa is taken for scraping, the existing plaque is analyzed.

Due to the fact that the allergic component cannot be ruled out from the causes of spring Qatar in children, allergy diagnostics of scrapings and discharge is often carried out on the sick child.

Also, emerging Qatar may be accompanied by the development in the child of such diseases with an allergic component, such as tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, eczema, and neurodermatitis.

Spring catarrh in children: treatment and prevention

The necessary treatment of spring Qatar in children is prescribed by a doctor depending on the degree of individual development of the disease.

Most often, it is recommended that the child take intigistamines orally, antiallergic and reparative (regenerating) eye drops, various ointments, glucocorticosteroids for two weeks.

To prevent spring catarrh in children, it is recommended to minimize the exposure to ultraviolet rays on the eyes; for this, the child should wear sunglasses regularly and not be in bright sunlight.

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  • Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children

    Spring Qatar in children