The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

In all types of design, as well as in many areas of art related to visual perception, the color palette plays an important role. To know how to apply colors in the interior, it is important to learn the basic concepts of coloristics - the science of color. Just like in any other real science, there are laws, rules, formulas.
Creating harmonious color combinations, you can create a mood and even induce to one or another action. Each color has its own psychology that can influence the perception of a person. This property is widely used in the improvement of the device of public places.
Having learned from this article about the most important rules for using various palettes for interiors, you will be able to create professional color maps yourself, taking into account any wishes.

Color wheel concept

In nature, there are three primary colors: red, yellow, blue.When mixing them, you can get three more colors: green (when mixing yellow, blue), orange (when mixing red, yellow), purple (when mixing blue, red). Now distribute these 6 colors in the sectors of the circle, clockwise starting from the sector corresponding to 12 hours on the dial, in the following order: yellow, green, blue, violet, red, orange. It turned out to be a color wheel. When mixing the neighboring colors, intermediate forms are formed: yellow-green, red-orange, green-blue, orange-yellow, violet-red, blue-violet. Learn to clearly represent this circle and the correct arrangement of colors in it; this is necessary in order to learn how to understand schemes of color combinations.

Itten's circle

It is important to note that the Ittena circle does not contain white, black and gray, they are neutral.

Itten's circle for designers

When mixing one of the colors with white, we get lighter shades, while adding black, we get shades darker. This creates a palette of the same color from pastel to deep saturated.

Basic color options

  1. Shades of the same color range. The most outstanding variant of combining the colors that are formed when the main color is mixed with neutral white or black.
    Example. Yellow color in the interior.The color of the walls can be chosen lemon, the curtains will be more saturated, and the furniture is gray-yellow, you can add a beautiful picture to the décor, with the image of yellow tulips.Yellow and gray in combination
  2. Trio of adjacent colors. As an option: yellow, green, blue or purple, red, orange. When using such a scheme, it is desirable to single out one main one, which will be the most vivid in the composition, and the complementary colors should be muted.
    Example. Consider the combination in the design of the main orange kitchen, additional red, purple: the facade of the kitchen set is rich orange in color, the ends are fairly light magenta, almost pink, the wallpaper is light lilac with a “carrot” ornament. To emphasize the importance of the main color, it is appropriate to add red curtains and a dining table of the same shade.Red and green
  3. Opposite colors. The colors of the circle Ittena, located opposite each other, are called contrast. Such grouping is considered the most vivid and active.
    Example. We will answer the question, what color is the tree in the interior of the hall combined with? Suppose there is furniture in the color of walnut (brown), this color is a derivative of red and black.In the circle, opposite the red-brown one can find the color of the needles, respectively, it is necessary to select the details of such tones, you can also add live plants with dark foliage.Red headboard and blue-gray walls

In addition to the above schemes, there are more complex, but to use them you need to have a lot of experience and an absolute understanding of the circle. For beginners, it will be quite enough to learn how to operate with at least these three options.

The proportion of colors

To create beautiful co-location of colors, it is important to consider not only their compatibility, but also their quantitative ratio.

At the same intensity, colors are used in the following ratios: red - 6, orange - 4, yellow - 3, green - 6, blue - 8, purple - 9.

The combination of brown and turquoise

For example: if orange (4) with blue (8) were selected when selecting the color, then 4 parts of orange should have 8 parts of blue, while reducing these values ​​by 4, we get the 1: 2 ratio, respectively.
Note that red and green are equal in perception power.
Example. When choosing a pair of flowers, the lavender and gold ratio will be 1: 3, i.e. The first should be three times more. The color of lavender will prevail.
To make the overall picture more spectacular, you need to learn how to choose the right proportions.

Gray and red colors

Hot & cold

The temperature of the color must be considered when forming the palette for the interior. Red, yellow, orange are called warm, and green, blue, violet are cold colors. The warm ones transmit the energy of fire and sun, induce movement.

Warm beige
Cold on the contrary, they express the peaceful movement of water, contribute to calm, regularity. It follows from this rule that it would be reasonable for the bedroom to choose cold shades to create a relaxing atmosphere, and warm combinations would be appropriate for a nursery, reflecting the activity of the room dweller, promoting a playful mood.
Opposite colors in temperature can be combined by balancing the action of each other.

Cool color in the bedroom

Black, white, gray in the interior

Black cannot be attributed to either warm or cold; it is also neutral, like white, so it can be completed with any color. Black absorbs all the surrounding color radiations, combining them and giving it contrast. This color is often associated with style as well as high cost, it gives depth, visually brings together and lands a general look. A beautiful combination of colors in the interior is formed when combining it with one or more colors.Individual black elements of the decor can dramatically change the situation, giving it sophistication. The use of such design in spacious rooms with sufficient lighting will be justified.

Black and white bathroom with green
White reflects all the colors of the rainbow, therefore it visually expands and makes the space weightless, brightens, as if facilitates the interior. It can also be combined with any sector of the circle and be the perfect background for different decorations. The effect of distancing, giving objects volume can be successfully applied in small rooms.
Gray is formed by mixing black and white. From the number of one or another component, this color can be lighter or darker. All shades of gray can be easily combined with each other and with any other color. His kit with a pastel range turns out to be very successful. Universality, practicality, functionality of this color is amazing. If you do not know what color is better to choose a decor element, then choose gray, it will definitely fit any design.

The perfect combination of white, blue and green

Gray room and black and white room

Very simple, but at the same time the decision to create a gray room will be original, no matter how strange it may sound! By collecting shades of gray in different proportions, you can create both a visually bright room and a dark one.In a purely gray manifestation, the room will be calm enough, and if you add just one or a few color accents, for example, a vase with bright colors, a colorful picture, colored pillows on a sofa or a motley carpet, you will immediately feel the dynamics.

Black and white room
The black and white combination is very contrasting and will not suit every person. This color pair is psychologically rather difficult to perceive, sometimes causing a double sensation. Therefore, such a design is rarely found in residential premises; it is most acceptable in offices, lounges, other public places where people are not spending too much time.
If you still want to create such a monochrome design, then you should dilute it with gray, which smooths out too active contrast and will combine the two eternally contradictory extremes of the color spectrum. It is important to take into account the proportional ratio, if it is 1: 1, then the situation will seem impersonal, you need to decide which color will be dominant. When choosing white, the space will expand, and preferring black, the effect will be the opposite.

Room in gray

Pastel shades

The combination of pastel shades gives transparency, light, relaxed quality design, associating with freshness, pleasant coolness.These muted color companions are characteristic of some particular styles, such as shebby chic or provence. In fact, with the use of muted pastel gamut, you can create interiors of various stylistic directions, even minimalism or loft.
If you choose cold shades, lilac, heavenly, mint, then the room will be filled with refreshing air, such a combination would be suitable if the windows face south, respectively, there is a large amount of natural light.
Warm, light orange, pink, sand create a comfortable, cozy decoration, well fill the space with a lack of sunlight.

Beige with green

Green

Almost always, living rooms complement the plant greens, because it gives a special decorative effect, has a positive effect on the environmental performance of the air, which is also important.
Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to green. In the world of flora, this color is considered neutral, moreover, it is the background, so in phytodesign it is easily combined with anything. In the interior of the premises, a slightly different story, because plants will be separate elements in the design.

Green carpet and shades of olive
The contrast jade duet - pomegranate will always be successful, but in case you take them in equal quantities, so that they balance each other. It is necessary to take into account the saturation of the shades used, if sufficiently light versions of the garnet are used in the decor, then the jade should be chosen not too dark, otherwise, reduce its quantity, creating visual balance.
When sharing forest green with deep coral, it is worth adding saffron notes, such a trio will be quite harmonious.
To green flowers look good in the azure room, you can also add honey, in that case, if there is a need to withstand a cold palette, you should replace the honey on purple.
Green and purple can also fit in one project, diluting them with a tandem color gummigut.

White and red in the bedroom

The effect of texture on color

The visual perception of the tactile characteristics of materials expresses the concept of texture. For example, we can, without touching the subject to determine that it is smooth, grungy, fluffy or prickly.
From all the above, it follows that the texture should affect the perception of color.Thus, glossy surfaces give coolness to objects painted even in warm fiery colors, and knitted from wool yarn of a cold emerald color will seem warm and pleasant.

Burlap Curtains

Regardless of the color, fabrics from coarse threads (burlap) look brutal, hard, fabrics from fine fibers (silk, chiffon) on the contrary, gently, airy. Such examples can be given about any surface.
Using different textures, the interior becomes more diverse and more attractive, especially you need to take into account these properties of things in monochrome interiors.

Silk textiles in black

The effect of lighting on color

The quality of lighting significantly affects the color gamut.
The correct light should emphasize the basic qualities of the selected colors.
Lamps with a color temperature of 2500 - 3400 K (Kelvin) are able to transform the interiors of warm colors. The characteristics of lighting fixtures in 5100 - 5600 K are suitable for cold designs. Neutral light, closest to the natural 3500 - 5000 K, is universal. If you choose the wrong light sources, the colors can be distorted, and their perception will change dramatically.

Bedroom in cold colors

The ideal combination of colors for each his own, moreover, for each room, this figure will be different! Despite all the rules of design and color, it is first and foremost important to rely on your own taste, inscribing personal preferences within the framework of artistic laws if possible. To practice your choice of color combinations, choose images of any beautiful interiors, try to understand, on the basis of what principles and rules, the designer made certain decisions when creating this project. Repeatedly performing such a task will provide the missing practical experience and understanding of the theory.

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  • The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules

    The combination of colors in the interior: the color wheel and the rules